Humans have inhabited the Armenian Plateau and the Caucasus for hundreds of thousands of years. However, little is known of this period, but cave paintings and rock carvings bear witness to this era. The original homeland of the Armenians, the Armenian Highlands, covers a territory of more than 400,000 km². The Armenian highlands border on the Caspian depression in the east, on the Euphrates valley in the west, on the Little Caucasus in the north and on the Armenian Taurus in the south. In the central part of the plateau rich with mountain valleys rises the biblical Mount Ararat (today in the territory of Turkey) with two peaks.
To this day, trade routes and salt roads between East and West run through Armenia. These have always been places of clashes of the great empires of antiquity and the Middle Ages. Rome, Persia, Byzantium, Arabs, Seljuks, Mongols passed through Armenia, often interrupting cultural development for centuries and leaving the country with smoking ruins. Despite everything, resisting the powerful invaders, relying on faith, language and writing, Armenians have remained steadfast and preserve fidelity to culture.
Legend has it that when the Armenians appeared before God for the distribution of the land, everything had already been distributed and they received only stones. Therefore, Armenia is also called Karastan – the land of stones.
Armenia is an open-air museum, both in terms of natural monuments and cultural heritage – a country open to all. For the admirers of antiquity and art or for nature lovers, it is a true paradise. The pagan sanctuaries and the Urartian fortresses, cave towns and castles hidden on high mountains, gorges, unique frescoes in abandoned and inhabited monasteries are part of Armenia.
The family plays a special role in Armenia, it is understood as the foundation of the nation. For an Armenian, the Christian faith is synonymous with national identity. Almost 93 % of the people in the country profess the Armenian Apostolic Church. The Armenian Church is the stronghold of piety, of the individual and the society, consequently of the family and the nation. This is the reason why the Armenian Church is called universal and national. These two terms complement each other in a harmonious way and this in a significant logic – it is universal, because it is Christian, – it is national, because it is Armenian.